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A selection of earlier papers in PDF format (in chronological order)


Scientists involved

Hans Meinhardt
Alfred Gierer
Original paper: A theory of Biological pattern formation, Kybernetik 12,30-30 (1972)

Meinhardt, H and Gierer, A (1974). Applications of a theory of biological pattern formation based on lateral inhibition. J. Cell Sci. 15, 321-346.

Meinhardt, H (1976). Morphogenesis of lines and nets. Differentiation 6, 117-123.

Meinhardt, H (1978). Space-dependent cell determination under the control of a morphogen gradient. J. theor. Biol. 74, 307-321.

Meinhardt, H and Gierer, A (1980). Generation and regeneration of sequences of structures during morphogenesis. J. theor. Biol. 85, 429-450.

Gierer, A (1981a). Generation of biological patterns and form: Some physical, mathematical, and logical aspects. Prog. Biophys. molec. Biol. 37, 1-47.

Remake of the book "Models of Biological Pattern Formation" (Academic Press, 1982)

Meinhardt, H (1983). Cell determination boundaries as organizing regions for secondary embryonic fields. Dev. Biol 96, 375-385.

Meinhardt, H (1983). A boundary model for pattern formation in vertebrate limbs. Embryol. exp. Morphol. 76, 115-137.

Meinhardt, H (1986). Hierarchical inductions of cell states: a model for segmentation in Drosophila. J. Cell Sci. Suppl. 4, 357-381.

Meinhardt, H (1986). Models of segmentation. In: Somites in developing embryos (R.Bellairs, D.A.Edie, J.W. Lash, Edts), Plenum Press, New York

Meinhardt, H and Klingler, M (1987). A model for pattern formation on the shells of molluscs. J. theor. Biol 126, 63-69.

Meinhardt, H (1993). A model for pattern-formation of hypostome, tentacles, and foot in hydra...Dev. Biol. 157, 321-333

Meinhardt, H (1999). Orientation of chemotactic cells and growth cones: Models and mechanisms. J. Cell Sci. 112, 2867-2874.

Meinhardt, H (2001). Organizer and axes formation as a self-organizing process. Int. J. Dev. Biol. 45, 177-188.

Meinhardt, H and de Boer, P A J (2001). Pattern formation in E.coli: a model for the pole-to-pole oscillations of Min proteins and the localization of the division site. PNAS 98, 14202-14207.

Meinhardt, H (2002). The radial-symmetric hydra and the evolution of the bilateral body plan: an old body became a young brain. Bioessays 24, 185-191.

Meinhardt, H (2003). Complex patterning by a self-destabilization of an established pattern: Chemotactic orientation of cell polarity and phyllotaxis as examples. Comptes Rendus Biologies 326, 223-237.

Meinhardt, H (2004). Different strategies for midline formation in bilaterians. Nat Rev Neurosci 5, 502-510.
Koch, A J and Meinhardt, H (1994). Biological pattern-formation - from basic mechanisms to complex structures. Rev. Modern Physics 66, 1481-1507.